On September 26, 1973, an Air France Concorde flew from Washington, DC, to Paris — marking the first nonstop supersonic flight by the Anglo-French airliner.
A few years later, Air France and British Airways put the cutting-edge jet into service — making daily flights from Europe to the US. But times change, and eventually the old bird was retired from service after nearly 30 years.
A decade after the retirement of the jet, we remember the awesome experience that was flying on the Concorde.
As soon as Chuck Yeager crossed the sound barrier in 1947, commercial aviation companies set into motion plans to take passengers past Mach 1.
On November 29, 1962, the governments of France and Great Britain signed a concord agreement to build a supersonic jet liner, hence the name of the plane that resulted: Concorde.
Together, Aérospatiale — a predecessor of Airbus Industries — and British Aircraft Corporation agreed to produce a four-engine, delta-wing supersonic airliner.
At the same time, engineers in the US and the Soviet Union were working on supersonic airliners of their own. The American Boeing 2707 never made it past the drawing board, while the Soviets’ Tupolev TU144 made it into service, but was quickly retired due to performance and safety problems.
As part of the agreement, the Concorde was built in the UK and France.
The engine selected to power the Concorde was the Olympus 593 turbojet, developed by Bristol Siddeley and Snecma.
The Olympus engine’s afterburners gave the Concorde its signature smoky take-offs. Each engine produced 38,000 pounds of thrust.
The Concorde had features found on no other Western commercial airliner, such as the double delta wing and …
… an adjustable drooping nose that gave pilots better visibility on takeoffs and landings.
In normal flight, the nose and visor were raised.
The Concorde was operated by a crew of the three: two pilots and a flight engineer.
In 1967, the Concorde was presented to the public for the first time in Toulouse, France.
The first Concorde prototype made its maiden flight in March 1969.
The sleek supersonic jet captivated the public immediately.
More than a dozen airlines from around the world placed orders for the jet.
Unfortunately, the Concorde soon encountered opposition.
One of the byproducts of supersonic flight is the sonic boom, which can be distressing to those on the ground. As a result, the Concorde was limited to routes over water, with minimal time spent soaring over land.
In addition, residents near airports that were homes to the Concorde fleet protested the amount of noise generated by the plane’s four massive turbojet engines.
As a result, Concorde flights were further curbed.
Due to environmental and economic concerns stemming from the 1973 oil crisis, most of the Concorde’s customers dropped their orders.
This left British Airways and Air France as the plane’s only operators.
In total, 20 Concordes were produced. Six were prototype test planes.
Of the 14 production Concordes, seven entered service with Air France and …
… seven entered service with British Airways.
In 1976, British Airways started scheduled trans-Atlantic flights between London and New York.
Cruising at twice the speed of sound, the Concorde could cross the Atlantic in just three hours.
That was a major improvement over the seven hours it took for a conventional jumbo jet to make the crossing.
In the beginning, the interior was simple and a bit austere.
But as the clientele became more posh, so did the decor.
Soon, the Concorde became the preferred airborne choice of the rich and famous.
Every day, the Concorde fleet was fueled and stocked with fine Champagne and Beluga caviar.
After all, it’s what the planes’ clients would expect.
In the 1990s, the Concorde welcomed the world’s biggest stars, such as supermodels Cindy Crawford and Claudia Schiffer, along with tennis star Andre Agassi.
Here, rock legend Sting serves Champagne to Piers Morgan.
Former British Prime Minister Tony Blair looks like he had a good time on board.
For most of its career, the Concorde had a sparkling safety record.
That all changed on July 25, 2000, when an Air France Concorde burst into flames and crashed shortly after taking off. The plane caught fire after a blown tire ruptured the Concorde’s fuel tanks, and 113 people died in the crash.
All 13 remaining Concordes were immediately grounded and retrofitted with stronger fuel tanks.
Although the Concorde fleet returned to service in late 2001, the business never recovered.
By summer 2003, Air France and British Airways announced the permanent retirement of the Concorde fleet.
In 27 years of service, British Airways’ fleet of Concordes made 50,000 flights and carried more than 2.5 million passengers.
Now, the Concordes have become museum pieces. Here, an Air France Concorde joins its Soviet rival, the TU144, as a show piece.
For many, the end of the Concorde represented not just the end of an era, but also a step backward for mankind. We no longer cross the Atlantic a twice the speed of sound. And we may never again.
Source: Business Insider